Minimize Air Pollution

Air pollution is one of the immense problems that humanity is suffering from. The air we breathe is no longer fresh instead what we usually inhale are harmful air pollutants. Whether we are inside our home or office or outside the house we are surrounded by air pollutants that come from different sources. At home, some of the sources of air pollutants are the household products we use (like pesticide, paint), molds, pollen and cigarette smoke. The air pollutants are hazardous to our body and sometimes we experience shortness of breath and cough. Radon 22 is one of the major indoor pollutants known to be the second major cause of lung cancer.

Outside our homes, the major air pollutants are carbon dioxide and nitrogen monoxide which comes mostly from transportation vehicles and industrial plants. Burning fossil fuel and deforestation can result to increase in production of carbon monoxide and aside from imposing harmful effects to us humans, carbon monoxide also contributes to global warming which means the temperature of Earth increases and may result to adverse effects to this world we live in.

Air pollution can be minimized if all of us will find and follow ways on how to minimize this problem and make the air we breathe clean and fresh. We can start minimizing air pollution right within our homes. Below are several tips we should start to practice and follow to reduce air pollution and keep our body away from diseases caused by unclean air.
1. Don't smoke
Smoking can cause air pollution and can be very dangerous to our health. It does not only endanger the person smoking but also the people around him. Smoke from cigarettes release thousands of pollutants in the form of small particles which is called particulate matter. Furthermore, studies show that air pollution produced by cigarettes or tobacco is 10 times greater than the emissions by diesel cars.
2. Plant trees
Planting trees even in your backyard can help clean the air we breathe because trees produce oxygen we need.
3. Learn to recycle
Recycling can help a lot in minimizing air pollution because when we recycle and reuse the things we have, lesser things need to be produced by factories and this helps lessen air pollution.
4. Save energy
Save energy at home or in the office by turning appliances and light off when not in use can help lessen air pollution. You can also save money by cutting off electricity consumption.
5. Clean your home as often as possible
Cleaning your home can remove dust and air pollutants and make your home safer and healthier for your family to stay.
6. Avoid using car daily
Instead of using your car, you can travel by public transit to avoid more harmful emissions that come from vehicles. If you are working, suggest car pool to your co-workers or ride with a co-worker that lives near you.
7. Select the products you buy
Buy products that are reusable and eco-friendly. When shopping, you can use a canvas bag instead of a plastic bag.

There are many other things that we can do to minimize air pollution. We should start finding ways to clean our air now before more calamities will happen and might imperil the health of our children and those of the next generation. Let's act now in saving our world and making it a better place to live.

Causes, Effects and Sources of Air Pollution

Air pollution means the presence of contaminants or pollutants in the atmosphere beyond tolerance limit that can cause health problems to all human beings on earth. The causes of air pollution can be both natural or man-made. Air pollutants are mostly gases or small particles which remain suspended in the air for very long time period.

Sources of Air Pollution:

The most characteristic sources of air pollution have always been combustion processes where the pollutant is smoke. Out of all combustion processes, the most dominant player responsible for pollution is automobiles. The burning of fossil fuels in automobiles releases enormous amount of sulfur and nitrogen oxides which are heavy air pollutants.

Apart from the automobiles, power sector is another major play in causing pollution. Humans are still dependent on fossil fuels for all their energy demands. Coal is the major source of energy in thermal power plants to produce electricity and is the dirtiest of fuel among all. Burning coal produces smoke which contains contaminants and when this smoke is released into atmosphere, these contaminants remain suspended in atmosphere for a long duration.

Air Pollution Scenarios:

Smoke has been the reason of urban air pollution since centuries because of the same reason. The use of coal throughout the centuries has caused cities to be very smoky places. The present scenario is not very different. Coal is still burnt in large quantities to produce electricity worldwide and is therefore one of the main source of pollution.

The world has now shifted to liquid and gaseous hydrocarbons like oil and natural gas to meet its energy demands. Though these fuels are considerably cleaner than coal but excessive use of these fuels have resulted in increased concentration of greenhouse gases like carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides etc. in the atmosphere.
Effects of Air Pollution:

Pollutants have a wide range of effects with health problems being of most concern. Respiratory diseases tops the chart of health problems. The second major health problem is heart diseases caused due to increased level of carbon monoxide in the air. Pollutants are also involved in increasing cases of Asthma, Eye Irritation and a range of bronchial diseases.

Pollution also affect our environment and ecosystems. Acid rain is the result of increased amount of pollutants present in the atmosphere which gets dissolved with the rain water. This acidic rain caused serious harm to our natural environment and ecosystems. Fading shine of Taj Mahal, among world's seven wonders, is one of the example of how air pollution can impact our environment?

Air pollution control:

The need to control pollution was recognized in the earliest cities. The nineteenth century saw a growing interest in improving public health by controlling pollutants. Laws were formed to keep the pollutants downwind or outside the city.

Since then, as the environmental awareness has increased, a lot of precautionary measures have been taken by the governments and strict pollution laws have been imposed on industries to control pollutants. The improvements in technology and increased energy efficiency of engines have also helped in reduced emissions compared to a few decades ago.