Health Problems of Children Living In The Philippine Slums

Just one of the many disadvantages that poverty brings to children living in the slums in the Philippines is their poor health. While statistics from various government agencies in the Philippines as well as from international organizations like the UNICEF will tell you that infant and child mortality has decreased in the last ten years in the Philippines, health nonetheless is still a major concern, especially when it comes to children living in the slums.

It is not surprising that poor health is a direct consequence of poverty in the Philippines. For one, poverty prevents a child from getting the nutrition that he or she needs, and it is a problem that often starts right from when he or she was still inside his or her mother's womb. We all know the direct relationship of the mother's health to the health of the fetus she carries. If she does not get proper nutrition, naturally she will not give birth to a healthy baby.

Most of the time, nutrition is not that high of a concern for most families living below the poverty line. As long as there is something to eat, something that will quell the rumbling of the stomach even if it is just rice, that is enough, no matter if the food lacks the proper nutritional value.

Lack of nutrition makes a child's body weak. A child living in the slums is vulnerable to various illnesses simply because of where he or she lives. Slums in the Philippines are beset with overcrowding and lack of sanitation. Many slum areas are located near polluted canals and waterways. Many are also situated near landfills and dump sites. In such conditions, can you seriously expect a child who is already weakened by poor nutrition to not succumb to illness borne by his or her environment? Outbreaks of diarrhea are common in the slums, not to mention dengue epidemics, among others. Children often fall victims to these diseases.

The hardest thing about the health problems besetting the Filipino child in the slums is that if they do fall ill, they would not have easy access to proper medicine and health care. There are community health centers and public hospitals in the Philippines, but they are grossly understaffed and overcrowded. The better hospitals, on the other hand, are far too expensive for them.

Health problems are just one of the realities that children living in the slums of the Philippines have to face. It is a constant threat that they have to live with all the time.

Thesa is an experienced writer and publicist. She has 12 years experience in writing well-researched articles of various topics, SEO web content, marketing and sales content, press releases, sales scripts, academic essays, E-books and news bits.

Ways to Keep the Environment Clean

ith the ever increasing use of technology and industries flourishing the amount of pollution in our environment is increasing at a rapid pace. Keeping our environment clean is a very important part of our lives in these days. It is important to focus on this as we have to make sure that the environment is preserved for future generations. Water pollution and litter are considered to be two of the main cause of the environment being dirty.

In order to clean the environment there are 5 steps that we can follow:

    * The 3Rs are considered to be the most important and easiest way to keep our environment clean and refrain it from pollution. Reduce, recycle and reuse are the famous 3 Rs that can keep our environment clean. By reducing the usage of harmful materials, and recycling items such as paper and glass and at the same time reusing goods that can be reused will reduce the pollution levels in the air and keep the environment clean.
    * Planting more trees increase the oxygen level in the atmosphere. This way there is an increase in the total oxygen level thus resulting in cleaner air to breathe and keeping environment clean.
    * Many people tend to litter. This is a bad habit as littering causes a rapid increase in pollution levels. Instead of throwing garbage on the roads, there should be recycling bins on every corner of the road so that people do not litter. This will help in keeping the environment clean.
    * Cigarettes are another harmful item that increases the air pollution as well as the well known health benefits.
    * By using eco friendly and biodegradable cleaning items the environment will be a better and cleaner place for humans to live in and by the continuous use of these products the environment will improve for future generation.

These tips are helpful in keeping our environment clean.

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Safety and Health in the Workplace - Environmental Safety

Safety and health in the workplace cannot be overemphasized. In a work environment two things take precedent over any issue. Number one is the occupational well-being of employees. The second most important issue is environmental safety and health. It is no surprise that when environmental safety and health guidelines are followed, threat to humans health is lessened, not to mention the threat to the environment. Codes, laws and regulations often go hand in hand to achieve both. The list of environmental concerns is lengthly. As a Health and Safety professional, your obligation is to follow and address environmental safety and health issues.

Four of the major environmental safety and health in the workplace areas are; indoor air quality (IAQ) issues, chemical disposal, petroleum storage / fuel tanks and pest management.

Indoor Air Pollutants

I have learned that indoor air complaints range from uncomfortable temperature ranges, fear of dirt on a ceiling tile, actual mold growing on walls and unexplained illness in an entire wing of a building. One thing to make clear is this: The complaint is real to one or more persons and needs to be taken seriously. The culprit most often to blame in an IAQ investigation is inadequate ventilation. People need to breath fresh air that is brought in from outside. Often the second most common complaint is mold. Keeping roof leaks (or any water intrusion) under control is the best practice at reducing mold growth on indoor environments.

Chemicals and Chemical Disposal

Other indoor contaminates are chemicals in the air that we breathe. Chemicals that are "green" approved are considered safe for the environment, and the people who occupy the rooms. Green chemicals are safe when considering prolonged exposure for the staff who use them day after day.

State and Federal laws mandate the proper disposal of chemical, electronic, universal and hazardous waste. It is not ok to throw items into the dumpster unless the owner is certain that the items do not posses characteristics that would classify it as hazardous. Electronic items for example contain metals like cadmium, lead, and mercury. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) knows that the disposal cost for hazardous waste is high, therefore they classify items like computers and fluorescent bulbs that contain these metals as being a universal waste. This means these items can be managed by recycling. Other chemicals must be disposed of as hazardous waste. It's the employers duty to determine the classification of the waste and how material is to be disposed of. They must be very careful to do so correctly to avoid serious and costly penalties and harm to the environment.

Petroleum Storage and Fuel Tanks

Another major responsibility that employers have is on keeping in compliance with state and federal regulations concerning above and below ground petroleum fuel tanks. There are many laws regulating that entities report and register existing tanks at their facility. There are daily, weekly, monthly and yearly record keeping and reporting that goes into being a petroleum tank owner.

Pest Management

Integrated Pest Management or IPM is the least toxic approach to pest management. IPM is important because no one wants to work with or around toxic or dangerous pesticides, herbicides or any other chemical that is designed to "kill". And we certainly don't want to harm the environment either. It is the business owners responsibility to assist and teach all employees how to comply with laws pertaining to IPM so that no one is exposed to dangerous pest elimination chemicals at work.

Environmental safety and health in the workplace is everyone's business. Most people aren't aware of the issues concerning indoor air, chemical disposal, petroleum storage tanks or integrated pest management. But for the safety person, these environmental issues are a major part of the job. We will continue to strive to keep human safety as our main priority and the safety of our environment a very close second.

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Walking and the Environment

"Today I have grown taller walking with the trees." Karle Wilson Baker

We all know that exercise is good for you. And walking is probably the easiest form to get into.

But did you know that walking plays a part in helping improve your environment?

Walking improves our quality of life because it helps to protect the living environment and natural resources. It can also be built into transportation systems.

Added health and environmental benefits come from the fact that walking is a pollution free activity. It's also a quiet pastime. So we benefit from cleaner air and there's a reduction in traffic noise too.

"Walking is highly efficient in its use of urban space and energy, it rarely causes injury and it gives streets vitality and personal security. Many car trips are quite short, less than 2 km, indicating that walking could be a feasible alternative and contribute to reducing the pollution from a cold-start vehicle travelling only a short distance."
C. Mason, Transport and health: en route to a healthier Australia? Medical Journal of Australia 2000

In North America and in Europe, there are active groups who canvass for better walking facilities in the urban communities. They argue that walking opens up communities and adds to the quality of life for all.

In 1996, Dan Burden formed Walkables Communities ( in Florida. Walkable Communities purpose is,

"... helping whole communities, whether they are large cities or small towns, or parts of communities, i.e. neighbourhoods, business districts, parks, school districts, subdivisions, specific roadway corridors, etc., become more walkable and pedestrian friendly."

In the UK, Living Streets ( is a similar organisation who state their aim as being,

"... the champions of streets and public spaces for people on foot. We work on practical projects to create safe, vibrant and healthy streets for all.
Local streets are a service that we all use. But for decades, traffic priorities have been allowed to overwhelm them, and they have been left dirty and unsafe. Vibrant streets help to revitalise neighbourhoods and reconnect people."

These organisations and their campaigns to free our communities from excess traffic appear to make sense. It is true that motor vehicles create a large amount of the pollution we find in the air.

The pollution created by vehicles can contribute to ill health. Illnesses such as asthma, lung cancer, increased stress and disturbed sleep have been found to be due to increased air pollution.

Walking on the other hand improves health, because every walk reduces air pollution.

So, do you want to take a walk today? Every step you take plays a part in improving your local community.

Phil Bilzon is the author of ‘The Walk Right Book - How you can develop body and mind and help make the world greener by learning the basics, and secrets, of effective walking.’ []

Health and Environmental Advantages of Using Natural Latex Mattress

Whenever we sleep, especially after a very tiring day, we would really want that relaxing feeling of comfort. Did you know that natural latex mattresses could give you that feeling? Not only would you enjoy comfort and relaxation, but natural latex mattresses also gives our bodies the proper support it needs throughout the entire length of our sleep. When you wake up in the morning no matter how long the duration of our sleep is, if the kind of sleep you have is not quality sleep, you wouldn't feel so much energized. Natural latex mattress is the type of mattress that could provide us with our much needed quality sleep.

But how is natural latex really made or produced and from which source does naturally made latex come from? For those who do not have that much of an idea about natural latex, the material used to make it comes from rubber trees, "Hevea Brasiliensis" to be exact. This is the type of rubber tree wherein the raw form and the main ingredient of latex is extracted from. This raw form is the saps that come from this rubber tree. The saps are then carefully collected and processed to be made into natural latex.

Dunlop Method and Talalay Method

The two ways into which naturally made latex mattresses are produced are the Dunlop and the Talalay method. Both of these methods uses the principle of making holes or what is known as the core of the mattress, which is responsible for giving the mattresses their softness and firmness. The only difference between the two methods is that the Dunlop method is the more traditional method in making the latex mattresses. The Talalay method is more modernized and provides different variations into which manufacturers could efficiently control the formation of the cores in the mattresses.

The standard property of latex mattresses are as follows: 6x6 inches thickness of the core and a 4lbs / cubic foot of density. There are also many advantages of natural latex mattresses. For health conscious people this is good news to you. Studies have shown that natural latex mattresses are gentle on those certain pressure points in the human body. For people with sensitive, I tell you that you will love the anti-microbial and hypo-allergenic property of natural latex mattresses. And for those people who have very sensitive nose, or may be suffering from allergic rhinitis and the like, you need not worry because the natural odor of latex mattresses are eliminated during the manufacturing process.

Simply Being Natural

But aside from all of those benefits mentioned, the best thing about natural latex mattresses is it is "NATURAL". Other synthetic mattresses as time passes may emit certain chemical odors that may prove harmful for our health and wellness. An average person sleeps about 8 hours every night. So if that is the case, if you opt to choose synthetic latex, you would inhale the fumes from the chemicals it produces for 8 hours each night that you would sleeping on that mattress.

Just imagine what different health problems you may harbor. Altered sexual development, immuno-suppression, reduction in IQ and brain development, and even cancer are some of the potential health problems it could bring. Natural latex mattresses also does Mother Nature a big favor just by being natural itself.

Certain Drawbacks to Consider

The only drawback about naturally made latex mattresses is that it is harder to find in the market compared to synthetic ones. But thanks to modern day shopping and availability in the internet, finding one would be a lot easier. Also natural latex mattresses are a little more expensive than synthetic. But the extra cost wouldn't be that much of a difference when you could have better quality of health in exchange.

So if ever you have already decided to purchase your very own natural latex mattress, you could also improve your being environmental-friendly and health conscious attitude by using additional natural materials to pair up and match your naturally made latex mattress. Pillows made of organic cotton are the suggestions of top of the list. Toppers and blankets made of organic and natural materials are also a very good choice.

Using naturally made latex mattresses can never get you wrong (health wise and environmental wise) just by choosing what is natural.

For more information on talalay natural latex mattress and dunlop latex mattress, please visit and browse our tips and resource center.

National Institute Of Environmental Health Sciences: Centers For Oceans And Human Health

The National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) is the US government's leading agency accountable for conducting studies focused on basic-science, disease-oriented research, global environmental health, clinical research, and multidisciplinary training for researchers.

The NIEHS is consistently working towards lowering the burden caused by human illness and disability through in-depth comprehension of how environmental factors could influence the creation and advancement of human diseases.

The NIEHS, in close cooperation with he National Science Foundation (NSF), has recently announced a funding opportunity entitled Centers for Oceans and Human Health (COHH).

The COHH program necessitates the solicitation of grant proposals which contain processes to address the difficulties involving oceans and human health.

The primary function of the COHH program is to provide linkages between people in ocean sciences and biomedical communities in the hopes of supporting interdisciplinary studies in locations where thorough understanding of marine processes and ecosystems harbor the possibility to reduce public health risks.

With the primary goal of improving the nation's knowledge concerning the impact of the ocean on human health, the NIEHS encourages interested applicants to submit proposals that will address Harmful Algal Bloom (HAB) research and marine pollution, including the effects of chemical toxins, effects of global climate changes to the oceans, et cetera.

The COHH program plans to grant 3-4 awards with an estimated total budget of $4.2 million for the fiscal year 2012.

Interested applicants are asked to submit their applications electronically to the website. Deadline of submissions will be on November 22, 2011.

Institutions or organizations will be permitted to apply as long as they are any of the following:

a) Higher Education Institutions, either public/state controlled or private

b) Profit and Nonprofit organizations such as small businesses

c) local governments with the US and its territories and possessions

d) independent school districts

e) Public Housing Authorities/Indian Housing Authorities

f) Native American Tribal Organizations (other than Federally recognized tribal governments)

g) Faith-based or Community-based Organizations

h) Regional Organizations

The COHH program is also driven by the NIEHS's desire to explore the end results of human exposure to environmental agents, thereby hoping that these studies will lead to:

a) the identification of agents that may be hazardous and contain the risk of giving humans diseases, disorders and defects;

b) the establishment of effective disease prevention strategies

c) the improvement of human health effects due to environmental agents

d) the development of products and technologies geared towards the better understanding of the effects of harmful environmental agents

e) and lastly, the successful education and training of research scientists in all areas of environmental health research.

Michael Saunders is an editor of He maintains Websites providing resources on home improvement grants and artist grants.